Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. It is one of the largest cities in the world. More than 13,2 million people live in Moscow. Moscow is the cultural, communications, government, industrial, scientific, and transportation centre of Russia. It lies in western Russia, in the European part of the country. Moscow is situated on the Moskva Rives, for which the city was named.
Moscow was founded during the 12th century. The city became the capital of the Russian Empire and was the home of Russia's czars until 1712 when the capital was moved to St. Petersburg. In 1918, Moscow again became the Russian capital after the Bolsheviks (later called Communists) took control of the country. In 1922, Russia and three other republics united to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Moscow was chosen as the Soviet capital. The Communists lost power in the Soviet Union in August 1991. In December, the Soviet Union was dissolved. Russia and other former Soviet republics became independent countries. Moscow remained the capital of Russia.
Moscow is built in the shape of a wheel. This shape can be traced to the city's early history when rings of fortifications were built to protect it from attack. Today, wide boulevards extend from the city's centre, forming the spokes of the wheel. They cross circular boulevards, which make up the inner and outer rims of the wheel.
The oldest and busiest sections of Moscow lie near the Kremlin, a huge walled fortress at the city's historic centre. Just north and east of the Kremlin is the main business, commercial, and administrative district. Encircling this area and the Kremlin are Moscow's main shopping streets and many cultural buildings. Most of the city's new residential and industrial districts lie in the outermost rings.
Moscow is a historical city and a bustling metropolis, offering an incredible blend of old-world charms and modern pleasures.