Moscow is serviced by Metro, buses, trolleys, trams, and taxis. With the amount of congestion above ground, your best option for getting around is using the Metro and only using the other forms of transport when absolutely necessary to avoid wasting your precious time in traffic jams.
Arriving by plane
Moscow's 4 main airports are Sheremetyevo located in the north, Domodedovo in the southeast, Vnukovo in the southwest and the only one in Russia business airport Ostafyevo. The Aeroexpress train is by the far the fastest and most reliable way to get into the city centre, dropping passengers off at the metro circle line in just 35–45 minutes.
Duration of trip:
Between Sheremetyevo and Moscow (Belorussky station): 35 minutes
Between Domodedovo and Moscow (Paveletsky station): 45 minutes
Between Vnukovo and Moscow (Kievsky station): 35 minutes.
You can see the route that Aeroexpress follows from each of the airports on the following map:
There are several different rates. On Aeroexpress’s official web page, you can buy the following types of tickets:
Standard ticket: 500 Rub (roundtrip 850 Rub)
Business Class: 1,500 Rub (you get to travel in a more comfortable car and you have an assigned seat).
More information on the different rates can be found at this link:
Both Aeroexpress and Moscow Metro work from 05:30 AM to 01:00 AM. Free Wi-Fi is available both inside the Aeroexpress train and in the Metro. To travel between Aeroexpress terminals you need to choose circle line (brown). All three terminals are connected with that line. The journey takes about 15 minutes.
Arriving by train
Moscow has nine railway stations for departures to other Russian cities and some other countries. Almost all of them are situated near the Circle Line metro stations. The exceptions are Rizhsky and Savyolovsky railway stations. Three railway stations – Kazansky, Leningradsky and Yaroslavsky – are situated next to each other on Komsomolskaya Square, near Kalanshevskaya station where suburban trains from three different routes – Kursky, Byelorussky and Rizhsky – stop. This makes Komsomolskaya Square the main railway transportation hub in Moscow. Also, the suburban commuter system is well-developed in the city. Trains to many city districts and to destinations in the Moscow Region depart from all the railway stations regularly. There are over 100 railway stations in Moscow.
Moscow metro is sometimes beautifully decorated, in fact, it looks like an underground museum. One of the reasons is that when it was built it was supposed to be an underground shelter in case of war, so it was built to be pleasing to the eyes and to 'promote' communist way of life. Hence many mosaics and sculptures dedicated to the life of Soviet people.
The open hours are from 5:20 to 1:00. Usually, the last train starts its way at 00:50 from the last station at any line; the passes between stations are closed at 1:00. When there're rush hours (8:00–9:00, 17:00–19:00) the metro is overcrowded, so it's better to avoid it.
Tickets & Prices. The metro has no special zones – all the metro is one zone, and there's no time limit for using your ticket. You can buy a ticket for 30 Rub (0.5 EUR) for one trip and spend as much time inside as you like. You can also save money and buy tickets for 5, 10 or 20 trips – they are less expensive. If you don't pay, then you'll have to pay around 45 EUR fine.
Buses, trolleys, and trams
Most of them don't go on the schedule, and the average waiting time can be from 5 minutes to 40 minutes in the evenings. The public transport works are from 5:30 until 1:00. The bus stops are yellow plates marked with “A” signs, trolleys' – white plates with “T” and trams' with “Tp”. There are no night buses or trolleys or trams. If you're late, you can only take a taxi.
Prices are the same for buses, trolleys, and trams: one trip costs 30 Rub (0.5 EUR).
These are smaller, normally private buses. They usually have the same numbers as the buses or trolleys and go the same route. If you see an approaching shuttle just wave it down like a taxi. You must pay for a trip from 30 Rub (0.5 EUR) to the driver. When you are near your stop just say aloud to the driver where to stop.
Official taxis are yellow in colour and well marked, however you may also encounter unofficial taxis with a simple taxi sign on the roof. These have a sealed mater and a printed fare table on display, but drivers may insist to negotiated fare. Tipping is not expected.
Gett Taxi, www.gett.com/ru/moscow
Maxim taxi, (+7) 495 504 22 22, www.taximaxim.ru
New Yellow Taxi, tel. (+7) 495 940 88 88, www.nyt.ru